Eye Of Ra Vs Eye Of Horus: Everything You Need To Know

Have you ever wondered why the Egyptian civilization, one of the oldest civilizations in the world, still amazes a lot of scholars and historians? This civilization dates from the 4th millennium BCE, and until now, it still astounds many because of its arts, monuments, and achievements.

There are still many secrets that are yet to be unfolded and discoveries are made almost every day for many years now.

Egyptian mythology, as with the rest of other world mythologies, is full of wonders and interesting symbols. They are usually depicted in hieroglyphs that show the daily lives of ancient Egyptians.

In this article, we will be uncovering two of the most popular symbols in Egyptian Mythology – the Eye of Horus vs. Eye of Ra, and how they differentiate from one another as well as what do they symbolize.

What is the Eye of Ra?

The Eye of Ra origins in ancient Egypt as representations in amulets that are capable of restoring harmony among the people and also resisting negative energy.

The ancient symbol, usually depicted as the right eye, is usually seen and associated with pharaohs and is said that the symbol is being used against their enemies that try to undermine their government.

The symbol is also used as a protection against all sorts of evil and invites good health. It is said that the Eye of Ra should be carefully invoked as its energy can get out of control and cause havoc. Amulets owned by pharaohs are depicted in a dark red color that is a representation of the Eye of Ra.

Symbol of Eye of Ra from ancient Egyptian papyrus.

Ra is an Egyptian god of the sun. In Egyptian mythology, Ra was said to sail across the sky in his boat by day, and by night, he would transport the Eye back to the underworld. In another myth, the human Ra was old and weak. Because of this, his people started to ignore his instructions and his laws.

Infuriated by his people, Ra sent his daughter, the lion’s eye of Ra to reprimand his people. The eye, as instructed by her master, became angry and nearly destroyed humanity. In fear that all of humanity will perish, Ra used red beer to get his eye drunk. Once the eye was calm, it was returned to Ra.

In a subtle approach, the Eye of Ra is depicted as the eye of a loving father. This is because the Eye of Ra came about from the myth where Ra used his eye to look for his children. During the eye’s absence, another eye grew from Ra’s original eye.

When the eye returned to his children, they became jealous and upset. To solve this problem, Ra appeased the first eye by turning it into a uraeus and placing it over the other eyes on his forehead.

The Eye of Ra is also represented by a cobra wrapped around the solar disk. It also represented the sun to the Egyptians and is associated with its calming heat and also its destructive power.

Egyptians also used the symbol to protect buildings and themselves. This symbol of authority is commonly found in ancient palaces where pharaohs live.

What is the Eye of Horus?

The Eye of Horus or simply known as the eye is also a symbol and protective amulet from the Egyptian civilization and is associated with the goddess Wadjet, Ra’s daughter. It is believed that the symbol of the Eye of Horus has healing and protective powers.

For the living, the symbol is meant for protection. But for the dead, it prevents the dissolution of the embalmed body. The symbol is usually depicted as the left eye.

An Egyptian myth told that the Eye of Horus was damaged and was healed showing the fading moon phases. The name was given to this symbol by Wadjet which means the totality and unity restored. According to myths, the god of death Osiris is killed by his brother, Seth.

After his death and disintegration, Seth succeeded him in power. Horus, the son of Osiris and Isis (the goddess of the moon), started a war against his father’s killer. He is depicted as a man with the head of a hawk. Horus triumphs after many battles but he lost an eye.

Seth rips out one of his eyes, cuts them into six pieces then spread it throughout Egypt. The god of wisdom, Thoth, was entrusted by the gods to gather the parts and reconstruct the eye. Since then, the Eye of Horus was closely associated with victory. The eye is a cross representation between a hawk’s eye and a human eye.

Egypt’s scultpture and symbols.

The Eye of Horus once represented by pharaohs is proof that all threats will be removed and harmony will once again rule. The eye is often held by a monkey, in reference to Thoth, who collected the pieces and healed the eye.

It is also called the “green eye” and is closely associated with Osiris which symbolizes resurrection. It is also once called the Wadjet eye meaning whole or healthy.

In Egypt, the eye can be seen in amulets and medallions and is regarded to bring good luck to the wearer. Beyond all of these depictions, the most important association of the Eye of Horus is the waning of the moon phases that represented the healing process, the new moon as the eye being ripped out of Horus, and the full moon representing the restoration by Thoth.

The Wadjet Connection

The Wadjet, which means “Whole One”, is a symbol of protection in Egypt civilization. It is also known as the Eye of Horus. The Wadjet is commonly used in jewelry made of gold, porcelain, or silver to ensure the safety, health, and wisdom of the wearer.

However, the Wadjet is also known as the Eye of Ra. In Egyptian mythology, the “eye” is a powerful force linked to the sun. The Eye symbol itself is a two Uraeus rearing cobra which is the symbol of the goddess Wadjet. She is the matron and protector of all of Egypt.

Wadjet is depicted with a sun disk called the uraeus. She was the protector of women in childbirth as well as kings. It is said that Wadjet is the one who nursed Horus and with the help of the latter’s mother, Isis, they protected the child from his uncle Seth.

As a patron goddess, Wadjet is depicted as a snake-headed woman. She is also once known as the “Daughter of Ra” among many goddesses Hathor, Tefnut, Bast, Sekhmet, Mut, and Nekhbhet.

Her rearing Uraeus symbol was worn by the rulers of Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. The Eye is equated with a large bronze disk which represented the sun and the two Uraeus cobras on each side. In her many depictions, each of the cobras is wearing an Upper Egypt crown – the Hedjet and the other, Deshret on the Lower Egypt crown.

The Eye of Ra as the Reverse Eye of Horus

The two eye symbols, although different in meaning, are very distinct. The Eye of Ra is more insistent than the Eye of Horus. The Eye of Ra is the symbol of great power, fertility, fury, strength, and protection.

The Eye of Horus on the other hand symbolizes health, well-being, healing, and protection. They both belong to different deities which have different roles in Egyptian mythology.

Eye of Ra and Horus amulets.

Both eyes also represent the left and right eyes which can be seen on either side. Both eyes symbolize protection and if the wearer uses it as an amulet, jewelry, or ornament, both deities will be protecting him. Both eyes are often called “The Wadjet” and both eyes are connected to either the sun (Eye of Ra) or the moon (Eye of Horus).

Even though the Eye of Horus has nothing to do with the moon, the fact that Thoth (the god of the moon) is the one who collected the parts, healed it and made it whole, making Horus a part of the connection.

The symbol of the Eye of Horus has a whole lot of meaning when you look closely. You will notice that there are six components – the pupil, two corners of the eye, the eyebrow, and the two squiggles.

It is said that those are six parts of Horus’ eyes that were scattered across Egypt by Seth. The six parts also symbolize the six senses that human experiences and it also symbolizes a mathematical fraction and units of measurement

Conclusion

Both the Eye of Ra and the Eye of Horus are part of an ancient civilization and both are very important symbols. They are backed up by a millennium of facts and it’s amazing that both symbols have survived up to this day and are very well-known to historians and scholars.

Understandably, both symbols are often confused with one another because of their visual representations. It just needs a little bit of understanding of what both eyes symbolize and how it is used throughout Egyptian history.

Both the Eye of Horus and the Eye of Ra represent protection and having them is like keeping danger, bad luck, and evil at bay. With the tools that we have in today’s technology, it’s exhilarating to unearth some more of Egypt’s ancient secrets.

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About Scarllet Yates

Hi, my name is Scarllet, and I have been on my spiritual journey for the last 9 years! I am excited to write and teach new ways to embark on your spiritual journey!

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